Director-General

Stefano De Caro was elected the Director-General of ICCROM during the 27th General Assembly in November 2011. His appointment follows a long career as an archaeologist, author, lecturer and teacher in several Italian universities, and former Director-General of Antiquities with the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities (MiBAC).

Biography

Born at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, De Caro pursued a career in the study of classical archaeology beginning with a degree in Humanities from the “Federico II” University of Naples. He later continued his studies in archaeology at the “Sapienza” University of Rome and the Italian School of Archeology in Athens, Greece.

He began his career with the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities (MiBAC) in 1976 as an archaeological Inspector in the region of Molise, and later directed the Excavations Office in Pompeii. In 1991, he became Superintendent of archaeological heritage in the provinces of Naples and Caserta, and was later appointed Regional Director of cultural heritage and landscapes in the Campania region. In this capacity, he coordinated the work of various local branches of the Ministry: monuments, sites, museums, national archives, and libraries.

De Caro has been frequently asked why precious resources should be put towards the conservation of cultural heritage. His best answer, he believes, is that “man does not live by bread alone”

From 2007 to 2010, Stefano De Caro took over the position of Director-General of Antiquities with MiBAC, where his vast responsibilities included, among others, advising the Minister on conservation programmes; organizing the work of regional offices on conservation and use of archaeological heritage; and developing national guidelines on rescue archaeology and cultural resource management. He was also instrumental in negotiations for the return of archaeological objects illegally exported abroad, and served on a Ministry commission charged with negotiating bilateral and multilateral agreements for these restitutions.

Following his career at MiBAC he consulted privately for projects in China, France, Italy, and Russia on cultural heritage and landscape management, in particular, art exhibitions, cultural resource management, training, outreach, and fundraising. He is also a well-known lecturer and registered journalist, collaborating on several scientific publications and journals.

Stefano De Caro is well known to ICCROM, having represented the Italian government on the ICCROM Council from 2008 to 2011, and through his involvement on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Herculaneum Conservation Project, a partner organization. He has over 250 publications to his name on topics ranging from Greek and Roman archaeology to the preservation of historic centres, cultural landscapes, and intangible heritage. He is also a member of several professional cultural associations in Italy and abroad, including the Europae Archaeologiae Consilium (EAC), ICOMOS, and the International Scientific Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM). He has received a number of awards and distinctions in Italy and elsewhere for his cultural merits, the most recent one being the Outstanding Public Service Award from the Archaeological Institute of America.

Often working in difficult social and economic contexts, De Caro has been frequently asked why precious resources should be put towards the conservation of cultural heritage. His best answer, he believes, is that “man does not live by bread alone”, but also by thoughts that are nourished by memories. Cultural heritage is the great reservoir of memories of human kind. To make use of this memory, preservation of cultural heritage is essential, but it does not end there. For as the motto painted on the ceiling of the Naples National Archaeological Museum reads, objects of memory, even if conserved lovingly, languish — iacent nisi pateant — if they are not exhibited to the public.

Former Directors-General

Harold J. Plenderleith

Harold J. Plenderleith

1971-1977: Harold J. Plenderleith

From 1924 to 1959, Harold Plenderleith was head of the British Museum Research Laboratory. In 1959 he was appointed as the founding Director of ICCROM, then known as the 'Rome Centre'. His objective of integrating both the art historical and the scientific aspects of restoration became the guiding philosophy of the developing 'Centre'. He served as Director-General until 1971 when he was made Director Emeritus. He was a recipient of the ICCROM Award in 1979.
De 1924 à 1959, Harold Plenderleith est à la tête du Laboratoire de recherches du British Museum. En 1959, il est nommé Directeur fondateur de l’ICCROM, l’organisation étant connue à l’époque sous le nom de « Centre de Rome ». Son objectif d’intégrer les aspects à la fois de l’histoire de l’art et de la science en matière de conservation devient la philosophie qui guide le « Centre » en plein développement. Il officie en tant que Directeur général jusqu’à 1971 où il est fait Directeur émérite. Il reçoit le Prix ICCROM en 1979.

Paul Philippot

Paul Philippot

1971-1977: Paul Philippot

Paul Philippot trained as a lawyer, art historian and archaeologist. He also studied at the Istituto Centrale per il Restauro with Cesare Brandi. He worked at the Institut Royal du Patrimoine Artistique, Louvre Museum and was Deputy Director of ICCROM from 1959 until he become Director-General of ICCROM in 1971. His publication 'Conservation of Wall Paintings', co-authored with Paolo and Laura Mora in 1977 is an important conservation milestone. He was a recipient of the ICCROM Award in 1981.
Paul Philippot suit une formation d’avocat, d’historien de l’art et d’archéologue. Il étudie également à l’Istituto Centrale per il Restauro avec Cesare Brandi. Il a travaillé à l’Institut Royal du Patrimoine Artistique, au Musée du Louvre, et comme Directeur adjoint de l’ICCROM de 1959 à 1971, avant d’en devenir Directeur général. Sa publication « Conservation des peintures murales », co-écrite avec Paolo et Laura Mora en 1977, constitue une clé importante pour la conservation. Il reçoit le Prix ICCROM en 1981.

Bernard M. Feilden

Bernard M. Feilden

1977-1981: Bernard M. Feilden

Bernard Feilden took over the position of Director-General of ICCROM after being surveyor of both St Paul’s Cathedral in London and York Minster, the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe. From 1962-1977, he served as a representative of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), and from 1975-1977 as a member of its Council. He was President of both the Ecclesiastical Architects Association and the Guild of Surveyors in 1976. He was presented with the ICOMOS Gazzola Prize in 1993 and the ICCROM Award in 1995.
Bernard Feilden entre comme Directeur général à l’ICCROM après avoir été Inspecteur à la fois à la Cathédrale St Paul à Londres et à York Minster, la plus grande cathédrale gothique d’Europe du Nord. De 1962 à 1977, il est l’un des représentants de l’Institut royal des architectes britanniques (RIBA), et membre de son Conseil de 1975 à 1977. Il a présidé l’Association des architectes ecclésiastiques et la Guild of Surveyors. En 1993, il reçoit le Prix Gazzola de l’ICOMOS, avant d’être récompensé par le Prix ICCROM en 1995.

Cevat Erder

Cevat Erder

1981-1988: Cevat Erder

Trained as an archaeologist, Cevat Erder founded in 1964 the Department of Conservation of Historic Monuments at Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey and was chair of the department from 1964-1973. In 1977-1979 he was appointed Dean of the METU Faculty of Architecture. He was a member of the Executive Council of ICOMOS from 1965 to 1974 and received the ICCROM Award in 1997.
Archéologue de formation, Cevat Erder fonde en 1964 le Département de Conservation des Monuments Historiques à l’Université technique du Moyen-Orient (METU), en Turquie, et dirige ce département de 1964 à 1973. De 1977 à 1979, il est nommé Doyen de la Faculté d’architecture de la METU. Il est membre du Conseil exécutif de l’ICOMOS de 1965 à 1974 et reçoit le Prix ICCROM en 1997.

Andrzej Tomaszewski

Andrzej Tomaszewski

1988-1992 : Andrzej Tomaszewski

Andrzej Tomaszewski was Director of the History of Architecture Institute of the Polytechnic of Warsaw, Poland before his appointment as Director-General of ICCROM in 1988. Founding President of the ICOMOS International Training Committee (CIF) he was also the author of many publications on art history, architectural conservation and training.
Andrzej Tomaszewski est Directeur de l’Institut d’histoire de l’architecture à l’école polytechnique de Varsovie (Pologne) avant d’être nommé Directeur général de l’ICCROM en 1998. Président fondateur du Comité international de formation (CIF) de l’ICOMOS, il est également l’auteur de nombreuses publications sur l’histoire de l’art, la conservation architecturale et la formation.

Marc Laenen

Marc Laenen

1992-2000: Marc Laenen

Marc Laenen was trained in philosophy, classical philology, archaeology and art history. Before becoming Director of ICCROM in 1992, he was Director of the Open Air Museum of Bokrijk in Belgium for twenty years (1972-1992). He was also Director of the Bokrijk Estate in 1989 and President of the Regional Museum Council (1987-1991). He was Secretary General of the ICOMOS International Committee for Vernacular Architecture.
Marc Laenen a suivi une formation en philosophie, philologie classique, archéologie et histoire de l’art. Avant d’être Directeur de l’ICCROM en 1992, il dirige le Musée en plein air de Bokrijk en Belgique pendant vingt ans (1972-1992). Il est également Directeur du Domaine de Bokrijk en 1989, et Président du Conseil régional du musée (1987-1991). Il a été Secrétaire général du Comité international de l’ICOMOS sur l’architecture vernaculaire.

Nicholas P. Stanley-Price

Nicholas P. Stanley-Price

2000-2005: Nicholas Stanley-Price

Nicholas Stanley-Price trained as an archaeologist, working in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East. He was on the staff of ICCROM (1982-1986) and the Getty Conservation Institute (1987-1995) where he specialized in archaeological conservation and professional education. Prior to becoming Director-General of ICCROM in 2000, he taught site conservation and management at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London.
Nicholas Stanley-Price a une formation d’archéologue, mise en pratique dans la région méditerranéenne orientale et au Moyen-Orient. Il travaille à l’ICCROM (1982-1986) puis au Getty Conservation Institute (1987-1995) où il se spécialise en conservation archéologique et dans l’éducation professionnelle. Avant de devenir Directeur général de l’ICCROM en 2000, il enseignait la gestion et la conservation de sites à l’Institut d’archéologie de la University College London.

Mounir Bouchenaki

Mounir Bouchenaki

2006-2011: Mounir Bouchenaki

Mounir Bouchenaki joined ICCROM after a long career at UNESCO where he was most recently Assistant Director-General for Culture. Previously, he was the Director of Antiquities, Museums and Historic Monuments in the Ministry of Culture and Information, Algeria. He holds a Doctorate in Archaeology and Ancient History from the Faculty of Letters of Aix-en-Provence, France.
L'arrivée de Mounir Bouchenaki à l’ICCROM fait suite à une longue carrière à l’UNESCO dont il était tout récemment Sous-Directeur général pour la culture. Auparavant, il avait été Directeur des antiquités, musées et monuments historiques au Ministère de la culture et de l’information en Algérie. Il est titulaire d’un doctorat en archéologie et histoire ancienne de la Faculté des lettres d’Aix-en-Provence (France).

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