||Instinctively, we tend to associate the term “disaster” with the term “rare”. Yet recent years have demonstrated that at the international scale, disasters are frequent and inevitable, and can indiscriminately affect any form of cultural heritage.
Disasters exacerbate inequalities. The same natural catastrophe will have tragic consequences in certain contexts, while in other contexts it will be managed effectively. Factors which affect the outcome include institutional strength and organization, available expertise, and resources. Thus, there will be no effective strategy for risk management that does not encompass all hazards to heritage and the institutions that care for it, from rare and catastrophic, to slow and continual. These strategies must contribute to the establishment of sustainable conservation programmes.
ICCROM continues to develop its actions in the field of risk management. It plays an active role in coordinating the efforts of the international heritage community, in promoting data collection and exchange, and in ensuring that local experience and needs are taken into consideration within the international strategy.
16 January, 2012