Cyclones, typhoons, floods and earthquakes have been identified as the biggest threats to human development.
Such events have an equally devastating impact on cultural heritage. For example, the 2015 earthquake in Nepal caused damage to over 700 cultural heritage sites estimated at 169 million USD
Similarly, violent conflicts are threatening world peace and cultural diversity, both of which are inherently linked to human development. On one hand, the intentional destruction of cultural heritage has become a weapon of war, and on the other, the illicit trafficking of antiquities is helping to sustain conflicts.
In response to these imminent threats, ICCROM has developed a two-track programme: one track aims to enhance national capacities for prevention and disaster risk mitigation; the other focuses on facilitating efficient local responses in order to protect heritage during complex emergencies. The goal is to work with member states and partners to safeguard humanity’s heritage, promote peace and build resilience.