Course on Promoting People-Centred Approaches to Conservation, 10-20 October 2017
Travelling the length of Italy – from Naples via Rome to Trento – 22 participants have explored the challenge of putting people back into the centre of conservation. The aim of the People-Centred Approaches (PCA) course has been to strengthen practitioners’ understanding of communities as a core component of heritage management and so ensuring that natural and cultural heritage has a dynamic and mutually beneficial role in society today and long into the future.
This course was also an opportunity to create a forum for participants to share their own experiences from both the cultural and natural heritage sectors, learning from each other and others who are actively involved with communities and heritage. Over two weeks they enjoyed a rich programme of presentations, interactive sessions on sharing experiences, site visits and practical exercises based on examples in the field. Visits took in diverse components of World Heritage properties including the “Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata”, “The Dolomites” and “Prehistoric Pile Dwellings Around the Alps,” as well as the “Ledro Alps and Judicaria” and the “Somma-Vesuvio and Miglio d’Oro” Biosphere Reserves, in addition to the MuSe museum.
During the final session, participants shared their analysis of a range of case studies, making recommendations for supporting successful people-centred approaches and moving towards adapting them with other heritage. One participant reflected on the overall experience of the course, saying: “I will certainly change the way I have been practising conservation […] I will start thinking how conservation and heritage can be an asset to empower people economically and socially.”
This course, now in its third edition, has recently been integrated into the new World Heritage Leadership programme, which emerged as a response to the growing concerns over the divide between nature and culture. The World Heritage Leadership Programme is delivered by IUCN and ICCROM in collaboration with ICOMOS and World Heritage Centre and other organizations and is being developed with the support of the Norwegian Ministry of Environment and other partners. This programme will focus on promoting links between nature-culture-communities in the management of heritage sites and securing heritage a more dynamic role in wider sustainable development.
In collaboration with: Herculaneum Conservation Project, MuSe, Museo delle Palafitte del Lago di Ledro, Parco Archeologico di Ercolano, Provincia Autonoma di Trento, Trento School of Management, UNESCO Dolomites Foundation.
Member States represented: Brazil, China, Egypt, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Mauretania, Mexico, Norway, Portugal, Romania, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Turkey, United States, Zambia
Designing for Change: International Workshop on First Aid for Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis
16-20th October 2017
On 16-20 October, ICCROM hosted a design workshop on First Aid for Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis (FAC), organized in partnership with the Smithsonian Institution, USA and the Prince Claus Fund, the Netherlands. Other partner institutions participating include UNESCO, CRAterre (France), Italian Civil Protection, and Ritsumeikan University (Japan).
The design workshop aimed to review the existing First Aid international training, and identify content as well as activities for developing a self sustainable and effective network of cultural first aiders. Using the human centred design approach, the workshop drew on the diverse experiences of former participants, practitioners, and key resource people to:
- refine the topics and modes of delivery of the existing First Aid training,
- identify contents and teaching strategies for training of trainers,
- agree on activities and institutional pre-arrangements for developing a sustainable and functional network of cultural first aiders over the next three years.
The overall aim of the FAC partners is to ensure timely and effective responses for protecting cultural heritage, which are embedded within national and international humanitarian assistance mechanisms.
Initiated in 2010, the first three editions of the FAC international course focused on the protection of cultural heritage in times of conflict, and were supported by the Italian Ministry of Culture. The scope of training was subsequently expanded to include natural disasters, and was offered in 2015 with the support of new partners including the Netherlands National Commission for UNESCO and the Smithsonian Institution. After 5 international courses, 40 shorter versions of the FAC training have been offered in different parts of the world. Of these the Prince Claus Fund has funded 27 workshops in 21 risk prone countries as part of a formal follow-up of the training. This number however, does not include the FAC workshops offered by the ICCROM-ATHAR Centre. The most recent workshop was held in August 2017 in Homs, Syria by a FAC 2016 participant, who also has taught at the ICCROM-ATHAR course held in October 2016.
The collective experience of the training has helped to develop a three step framework for first aid for cultural heritage in complex emergencies, which has been tested in eight natural disasters and three ongoing conflicts. Last year ICCROM in collaboration with UNESCO brought out a handbook on Emergency Evacuation of Endangered Heritage Collections, which received positive review from IIC. It is free for download and is being translated in Arabic, French, Spanish, Turkish, Georgian, Russian, Malay and Japanese. The evacuation handbook was also used by emergency responders during the recent hurricanes that affected the Caribbean and the United States.
This year, the Italian Civil Protection invited ICCROM to lead its regional training and train civil protection teams from six countries using the First Aid framework. The aim was to integrate first aid for cultural heritage into national emergency management systems. The UK and the US military and Interpol have also expressed strong interest in using the FAC methodology to train emergency responders. The design workshop therefore will help to identify training strategies as well as tools for mainstream emergency actors.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM) signed a landmark agreement on Friday 13 October in a new effort to address mounting threats to cultural properties worldwide.
Under the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed at UNESCO’s Paris headquarters, the two agencies agreed to intensify efforts to implement the 1972 World Heritage Convention. They will also boost cooperation in addressing a number of specific challenges, including destruction of cultural property in armed conflict, disaster risk management, illicit trafficking in heritage objects and new risks to intangible cultural heritage. Continue reading…
The second G7 Roma-Lyon Group meeting was held in Rome from 3 to 5 October. This work group, created under the 2001 G8 Italian Presidency, is run by the law enforcement sector and is devoted to formulating counter-terrorism strategies and combating transnational crimes.
Brigadier General Fabrizio Parrulli, Commander of the Carabinieri Headquarters for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage (TPC), opened the proceedings.
ICCROM participated in the first day’s Expert Group Meeting: “Cultural Heritage, the Mirror of Identity” on cataloguing, collecting and sharing data for the protection of cultural heritage and the art market.
Delegates from the G7 countries and experts from international organizations attending the meeting called for maximum co-operation to end the illicit trafficking of antiquities from Syria, Iraq and beyond.
On the occasion of this meeting, ICCROM’s Director-General, Dr Stefano De Caro, observed, “This important event reaffirms the engagement of the G7 nations in the protection and restoration of cultural heritage endangered by conflicts and natural disasters. ICCROM welcomes and supports all such international collaboration efforts in favour of protection for cultural heritage and for those charged with stewarding it.” Continue reading…
Very active in his youth in the Young Catholic movement, Persegati organized among other things the reception of European refugees in the United States during the 1950s. He returned to Italy and collaborated with Caritas International, and was also representative of the Holy See to the FAO, where he distinguished himself for his qualities as an organizer. In 1972 he was appointed Secretary-General and Treasurer of the Vatican Museums with the immediate and main task of reorganizing the establishment in order to prepare for the millions of pilgrims expected for the Holy Year of 1975. He remained in this post until his retirement in 1998.
In three years he created an exemplary museum, a stand-out amidst all the major European museums, where public reception goes hand in hand with security, where the training of personnel at all levels is undertaken together with the conservation of the artworks.
From 1975 to 1991 Persegati received the participants on the ICCROM Course on Prevention in Museums, accompanying them on study tours of the Museum. Those who had the good fortune to hear him still remember his vision and pragmatism which he expressed with a very British humor. He explained the original system developed to provide visitors with five possible routes depending on their available time, from one to six hours. He called this last “the kamikaze route” which ensured that visitors passed before 18 kilometers of walls with exposed artworks. Continue reading…
In September 2017, Mr Peter Rockwell, noted sculptor and specialist in historic stone carving techniques, made a significant donation of books and photographic documentation to the ICCROM Library and Archive. These materials were gifted on the occasion of Rockwell’s return to the United States after over five decades of residence in Rome. They are intended by Rockwell to support the research of ICCROM’s community of conservation scholars and professionals.
The book donation consists of approximately five linear meters of publications in English, Italian, and German that constitute a useful reference collection on stone working techniques, documentation of stone work, particularly in Europe and South Asia (Pakistan and India), as well as art history reference works. These books will be publicly available for researchers in the Library. Continue reading…
Il Direttore generale dell’ICCROM, Stefano De Caro, si unisce a Irina Bokova, Direttrice generale dell’UNESCO, nel congratularsi con Maamoun Abdulkarim della Siria, per i suoi instancabili sforzi per la protezione dei beni culturali del suo paese durante questi anni di guerra. Il mandato quinquennale di Maamoun Abdulkarim come Direttore generale dei musei e delle antichità della Siria è coinciso con un conflitto devastante, che ha causato centinaia di migliaia di morti e messo in serio pericolo il patrimonio culturale siriano.
“Nel corso del suo difficilissimo mandato, Maamoun Abdulkarim è riuscito a fare l’impossibile, senza sosta, per proteggere i siti siriani dichiarati patrimonio dell’umanità, nonché i manufatti esibiti nei musei del paese”, ha commentato Stefano De Caro. “La Siria può ritenersi fortunata di aver potuto contare su una persona del suo calibro durante un periodo così difficile, e personalmente mi sento onorato di aver potuto lavorare al suo fianco in questi anni”, ha poi aggiunto. Continue reading…
Laureatosi in chimica alla Sapienza di Roma, Marabelli iniziò la sua carriera nel 1964 presso l’Istituto Centrale del Restauro (ICR), ora Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (ISCR). Nel 1980 divenne Direttore del laboratorio di chimica, ruolo svolto fino al suo pensionamento nel 2001.
Le sue principali sfere d’interesse e di studio riguardavano la conservazione dei manufatti metallici e dei dipinti murali, l’applicazione di tecniche analitiche non distruttive e il controllo degli inquinanti atmosferici e dei loro effetti sulle opere d’arte all’aperto e all’interno degli edifici. Continue reading…
Il primo workshop RE-ORG mai realizzato in Africa si è svolto presso il museo nazionale di Jos, Nigeria, nel maggio 2017. Al termine dell’evento, i partecipanti di 12 musei di ogni angolo della Nigeria hanno fatto ritorno alle loro rispettive istituzioni per migliorare e portare a termine i loro programmi di riorganizzazione, servendosi del metodo RE-ORG per affrontare i problemi inerenti all’eccessivo concentramento di oggetti e alle cattive condizioni di conservazione nei depositi.
Alla fine di agosto 2017, tutti i 12 musei avevano presentato i propri “Progetti locali” sovvenzionabili fino a un totale massimo di 1.500 dollari americani da destinare alla dotazione di attrezzature e materiali per ampliare le scarse risorse istituzionali e migliorare le conoscenze, le capacità e lo spirito innovativo del personale. Le squadre del progetto Re-Org Nigeria sono costituite da personale del settore della documentazione, da personale amministrativo e curatori, oltre che da elettricisti, carpentieri e agenti di sicurezza. Continue reading…
In seguito al grave terremoto di magnitudo 7.1 che ha colpito il Messico centrale il pomeriggio del 19 settembre causando numerose vittime, l’ICCROM sostiene il popolo di questa nazione e tutti i nostri colleghi della comunità professionale, responsabili della protezione del patrimonio, della memoria delle persone e delle basi del loro futuro.
Stefano De Caro, Direttore Generale Continue reading…