Conserving Culture, Promoting Diversity

ICCROM Annual Report 2018



PHOTO: La Mano del Desierto (Hand of the Desert), Atacama Desert, Chile. © hbieser, Creative Commons License CC0 / Pixabay

ICCROM's Programmatic Approach

In 2018, ICCROM began a new cycle of strategic directions to guide our work over the next five years. Following the directions of our Council, our strategy is to focus on global concerns for cultural heritage, to create a diverse and inclusive global network, and to strengthen ICCROM for the future.

This report provides an overview of our 2018 activities. These efforts have fortified the resilience of cultural heritage in the face of protracted conflicts, disasters and climate change. They have improved the conservation practice of heritage by ...

Strategic Direction Milestones

Strategic Direction 1 (SD1)

Focusing on World Concerns for Cultural Heritage

Objective 1.1: Protect Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis

Objective 1.2: Support Africa’s Cultural Heritage

Objective 1.3: Foster Emerging Issues of Cultural Heritage and Conservation

Strategic Direction 2 (SD2)

Creating a Diverse and Inclusive Global Network

Objective 2.1: Lead and Innovate Capacity Building at Local, Regional and International Levels

Objective 2.2: Enhance Community Engagement in Protecting Heritage

Objective 2.3: Strengthen Awareness of Cultural Heritage and Conservation

Strategic Direction 3 (SD3)

Strengthening and Transforming ICCROM for the Future

Strengthening the Foundations of ICCROM; Increasing the Impacts of ICCROM’s Service Delivery and Visibility to Member States and Heritage Communities; Modernizing and Investing for an Effective and Efficient Organization

ICCROM’s Members

During 2018, 136 Member States contributed to ICCROM’s mission, vision and mandate. We thank all of you for your support.
In addition to Member State contributions and voluntary contributions, many of our Member States and partner organizations have generously offered locations to hold ICCROM courses and events, in addition to the collaboration of their hardworking staff and relevant goods and services. Our work also depends on in-kind contributions, which are crucial for ICCROM’s strategies of promoting and building capacities in heritage conservation through strong partnerships. These in-kind contributions allow our activities to be carried out worldwide.
In-kind contributions from partner organizations increase the geographical range and impact of ICCROM training, capacity-building and awareness activities, as this map makes clear.
We encourage partner institutions in our Member
States to consider hosting ICCROM’s international or regional activities in your country or region.



As Director-General, I made the pledge to accomplish the Organization’s mission by putting the emphasis on innovation, transparency and strong partnerships, while at the same time capitalizing on ICCROM’s remarkable experience and institutional knowledge. In threading these factors together with the various trends in countries and contexts, I can say that the work of the Secretariat is becoming more targeted, measurable, and cohesive. Team ICCROM, as I referred to it in my first address to Member States, knows well the importance of inclusivity and sharing, with Member States and inside the house. Over 2018, I have made it a point to reach out to and find opportunities to meet the Ambassadors and diplomatic representatives of our Member States, whether in their embassies in Rome or on mission.

ICCROM has continued its flagship training and advisory activities, including the First Aid to Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis course, the World Heritage Leadership programme, and training and knowledge partnerships around the world. All of our activities are made possible thanks to strong partnerships and the generosity of several of our Member States. We have furthered regional collaboration through

Statistics 2018

Networking Activities Attended
Million Euros Voluntary
Contributions Raised
International Lectures Given

Expert Meetings Organized
Partner Organizations
Total Courses

Institutional Visits Received
Advisory Services Provided
Events Attended in Italy

Our Work


PHOTO: Participant at Stone Course, Mexico. © INAH-CNCPC


Overview of Activities

From First Aid for Cultural Heritage (FAC) to Disaster Risk Management (DRM), from materials conservation to archaeology, from museum storage planning to heritage impact assessments, ICCROM training courses are designed to equip cultural heritage practitioners and managers with the tools and knowledge they need to address the issues they face. Training events in 2018 also engaged parallel sectors, such as the FAC programme linking cultural resource professionals with emergency responders and humanitarian aid workers. World Heritage Leadership and site management courses took place in Africa, China and the Nordic-Baltic countries, building knowledge among site managers in those areas and beyond, while linking cultural and natural heritage conservation sectors with local communities for improved decision-making. Additionally, 2018 saw ICCROM’s first training in Ireland. Through training opportunities, ICCROM and its partners create a space for conservation and restoration specialists to share knowledge and experiences, and to think about the challenges that are coming next.

Projects in Focus

Disaster Risk
Materials Science
and Technology
World Heritage

Activities in Focus

International Stone Conservation Course
in Mexico
Enhancing the Social and Cultural Role of Community Museums in Western Sudan

Experts Engaged
Course Participants
Nationalities Represented

% Female Course Paticipants
% Male Course Paticipants
Course Participants from MENA Region

Chinese Government Scholarship Fund

Thanks to a generous contribution from China’s National Cultural Heritage Administration (NCHA), every year since 2014, scholarships have been awarded to heritage professionals worldwide to participate in ICCROM’s international courses.

In 2018, 23 professionals from 19 different countries benefited from this fund, including Afghanistan, Bhutan, Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, India, Italy, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Sri Lanka, United Republic of Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

ICCROM expresses its deep gratitude to NCHA and invites other Member States to join in this initiative.

PHOTO: Garden at Suzhou, China. © ICCROM


PHOTO: Bookshelf graphic, Dumfries and Galloway, United Kingdom. @ Mike Bird / Pexels


Overview of Activities

ICCROM’s body of knowledge is an accumulation of decades of research and data, developed in collaboration with Member States and used by people all over the world. Making information available to users while leveraging new technologies is an ongoing endeavour. Meanwhile, a strong translation activity makes the knowledge in ICCROM’s publications and the information on its website available to wider audiences. For example, the Emergency Evacuation manual developed in collaboration with UNESCO is now available in seven languages. Tracking data and horizon scanning for emerging issues is another way ICCROM collects and shares information, using it to derive insights and spot opportunities for cultural heritage to engage with different sectors and new audiences.

Projects in Focus

Knowledge Projects
New Publications

On Site Visitors
to ICCROM Library
Publications Published
Including Translations
Library Records
Created in 2018


PHOTO: Recovering palm leaf manuscripts, Kerala, India. © ICCROM


Overview of Activities

ICCROM’s cooperation with a strong network of partners makes it possible to carry out training events and participate in workshops and collaborative sessions all over the world. The Headquarters in Rome and the Regional Office in Sharjah initiate conversations and respond to emerging needs by bringing partners together, creating a space for consultation and creative solutions to face challenges head on. From academic and cultural institutions in our Member States to intergovernmental organizations, ICCROM’s network of partnerships continues to grow, and to have an ever-broader reach.

Projects in Focus

ICCROM Participates in Al-Nouri Mosque Reconstruction

A team involving ICCROM and UNESCO will reconstruct Mosul’s iconic Al-Nouri mosque and Al-Hadba minaret. Islamic State forces blew up the ...

EUNIC Holds Knowledge Sharing Workshop in Rome

Hosted by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union of Institutes of Culture (EUNIC) members gathered for a two-day workshop ...

Community Consultation Launches in Lake Ohrid Region

The Lake Ohrid region is home to one of the world’s oldest lakes and is one of Europe’s most important areas of biodiversity. The surrounding ...

PROMEDHEX Simulates Cultural Heritage Disaster in Lucca

On 19–21 June, ICCROM participated in PROMEDHEX 2018, a disaster simulation exercise for salvage of cultural heritage held in Lucca, Italy. The ...

ICCROM Participates in World Heritage Committee Meeting in Bahrain

The 42nd session of the World Heritage Committee meeting, held from 24 to 30 June, in Manama, Bahrain, emphasized capacity building ...

Kerala Heritage Rescue Initiative Responds to Flooding

When the Indian state of Kerala and neighbouring districts of Karnataka were hit by the most devastating floods in nearly a ...

ICCROM Contributes to UNESCO Mission after Brazil National Museum Fire

ICCROM participated in the UNESCO-sponsored mission held from 13 to 23 September to assess fire damage at the National Museum of ...

ICCROM-Sharjah and Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage (ARC-WH) Pursue Joint Training

From 28 January to 3 February, ICCROM-Sharjah and ARCWH implemented a joint training activity in Bahrain. This short course ...

Unite4Heritage Courses Bring Together Emergency and Cultural Heritage Responders

ICCROM was invited to lead half-day sessions in courses organized on 4 June and 17 December by the Italian Comando ...

European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations Supports Culture Cannot Wait Initiative

On 27 November, the Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations ...

Advisory Bodies Gather for Networking Activity

ICCROM hosted a World Heritage Leadership Programme activity from 4 to 6 September in Rome, Italy. The event brought together 20 ...

#ItaliAfrica Conference Considers Heritage Training Cooperation

On 25 October, the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, also known as the Farnesina ...

European Forum Proposes Disaster Risk Reduction Recommendations

On 25 October, the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, also known as the Farnesina ...

Workshop Supports Strengthening Capacities of Heritage Professionals in Arab Region

Strengthening Capacities of World Heritage Professionals in the Arab Region for Cultural and Mixed Sites, a capacity ...

Conservation and Rehabilitation of Old Muscat Houses Offer Collaboration Opportunity

A collaboration agreement in Oman is paving the way for the conservation and rehabilitation of two historic houses ...

Green Lab Offers Hands-on Experience with Alternative Methods and Materials

The 2018 edition of Green Lab, held on 6 December, demonstrated less toxic methods and solutions, both innovative ...

ICCROM Hosts Annual Donors’ Meeting for World Heritage Leadership Programme

On 14–15 March, ICCROM co-hosted the 2018 annual donor’s meeting for the World Heritage Leadership Programme at ...

Robben Island Meeting Reviews Protected Areas Toolkit

The Enhancing Our Heritage Toolkit for Protected Area Managers is based on the IUCN World Commission on Protected ...

Public Information and Advocacy_image

PHOTO: Dr Layla Salih at Nabi Yunus Tunnels, Mosul, Iraq. © Patrick Tombola

Public Information and Advocacy

Overview of Activities

ICCROM facilitates the flow of information and dialogue amongst its partners and out towards the professional heritage sector and the wider community. Advocating for cultural heritage and its role for societal well-being takes place through events, conferences, panel discussions and exhibits, even online through social media. Addressing cultural heritage approaches and challenges in public fora strengthens networks while inspiring new partnerships and innovative solutions. ICCROM is continually working to keep decision-makers and the public engaged and up to date.

Twitter Followers
Facebook Followers
Subscribers to

Projects in Focus

Activity in Focus

The Arab Forum on Cultural Heritage, held in Sharjah, UAE, on 6–8 February, examined the philosophical contexts and values informing conservation practices in the wider Arab region. Thematic sessions, discussions and daily workshops provided opportunities to exchange views on these vital issues. Over 50 speakers from a wide range of Member States offered multiple perspectives on conservation and promotion of cultural heritage in the region.

ICCROM’s Regional Office in Sharjah organized the forum under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Sharjah, in order to develop philosophical principles and approaches aimed at promoting and preserving heritage places and artworks in the Arab world.


PHOTO: Former DG Stefano De Caro, HH Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi, and DG Webber Ndoro, Sharjah, UAE. © ICCROM

Governance and Partnerships


PHOTO: Bridge over Zambezi River at Victoria Falls, Zambia. © ICCROM

Overview of Activities

Over 2018, ICCROM continued to improve organizational efficiency, effectiveness and transparency. In addition, ICCROM signed significant agreements with Member States, cultural heritage institutions and donor organizations to support ongoing activities as well as individual conservation initiatives. Selected examples of these productive partnerships based on voluntary and in-kind contributions appear below, as per Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) signed in 2018.

Selected Memorandums of Understanding

Some Key Ongoing Partnerships

Beyond World Heritage Leadership, the Federal Office of Culture, Switzerland has supported activities at ICCROM-Sharjah that focus on fighting illicit traffic in cultural objects, and work at ICCROM Headquarters focused on reinforcing resource mobilization capacity.

ICCROM also depends on the generous support of the Government of the United Arab Emirates, the Government of Sharjah and the Supreme Council of the United Arab Emirates for the maintenance of ICCROM-Sharjah. Particular thanks are due to His Highness Sheikh Dr Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Supreme Council member and ruler of Sharjah, for his committed sponsorship of ICCROM and its Regional Office in Sharjah and for his support of projects to preserve the cultural heritage of the Arab world.

ICCROM's Headquarters Agreement, signed by UNESCO and the Government of Italy some 60 years ago, regulates ICCROM's presence on Italian territory, guarantees the provision and maintenance of office space through the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities (MiBAC), and sets forth ICCROM's privileges and immunities in Italy. In addition, ICCROM’s activities greatly benefit from long-lasting collaborations with a wide range of Italian governmental and scientific institutions, along with support from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the General Directorate for Cooperation and Development.

Modernizing Accounting Systems – IPSAS and SAP

The ICCROM General Assembly decided to adopt the International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) in 2015 to improve the quality, comparability and credibility of ICCROM’s financial reporting.

IPSAS are independently developed financial reporting standards, considered best practice for public sector entities. With the adoption of IPSAS, ICCROM is moving to full accrual accounting. Like all the organizations that have implemented IPSAS, ICCROM will realize multiple benefits in areas of operations and financial management during and after IPSAS implementation.

During the course of the audit mission carried out by the accounting firm Price Waterhouse Cooper starting in May 2018, initial steps were taken to prepare for the migration to IPSAS. It is anticipated that ICCROM will be fully IPSAS compliant by the end of the biennium 2018-19, at which point it will be able to present IPSAScompliant financial statements to its governing bodies.

Over 2018, ICCROM has moved through successive phases to migrate its accounting system out of the legacy SunSystems towards a new SAP Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) platform. The initial platform migration took place in November 2017. In 2018, ICCROM worked with the vendor to customize the tool to ICCROM’s needs, defined workflows, and trained selected staff. This step marks ICCROM’s first step in Enterprise Resource Planning. Among other things, SAP provides the information technology system to support IPSAS-compliant accounting and reporting.

SAP UNiverse Path is a robust financial administration and oversight information system developed to support accounting, financial, grants and procurement management. Its implementation strengthens ICCROM's financial management capacity and project monitoring. Linked to ICCROM's efforts to modernize and transform the organization, SAP is an integral part of the internal improvement process for reinforcing results-based management systems and accountability for the overall performance of the organization. This tool permits ICCROM to boost its credibility, attracting new donor groups who commonly request the financial transparency and respect for UN standard practices that the system provides.

Financial Information

Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Reserves Balance at 31 December 2018 (in EUR)

Financial Statement of Income and Expenditure as at 31 December 2018 (in EUR)

Direct Cash Contributions from ICCROM Member States (in EUR)

(Assessed Contributions payable by Member States towards the Programme and Budget for the year 2018 and Voluntary Contributions Received from Member States for 2018 Projects and Activities)

Direct Cash Contributions From Other Donors in 2018 (in EUR)

Total Budget Envelope (In EUR) - as at 31 December 2018


PHOTO: Street in Sighişoara, Romania. © freestocks / Unsplash


Today, ICCROM works with 235 funding, operational and advocacy partners to meet the cultural heritage conservation objectives of its Member States. Relations with all these partners remain a top priority. By combining and leveraging complementary resources, strategic and operational collaboration ensures better outcomes for cultural heritage institutions and professionals. For many years, ICCROM’s international and regional programmes have counted on the generous support of heritage institutions from all regions of the world. ICCROM continues to pursue new partnerships to implement initiatives within its Member States. The organization’s knowledge, network and expertise offer a multiplier effect for activities designed to bring about sustainable change.

Partnerships through Memorandum of Understanding

  • Agency for Cultural Affairs, Japan
  • Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
  • AIA - Academic Initiatives Abroad, United States of America
  • AIAC - International Association for Classical Archaeology,Italy
  • AISAR - International Archive on the Historical and Contemporary Practice of Restoration for Cesare Brandi, Italy
  • American University of Rome, United States of America
  • ANSA - National Associated Press Agency, Italy
  • ARC-WH - Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage, Bahrain
  • Ars Civilis Foundation, Spain
  • Associazione Civita, Italy
  • Athabasca University, Canada
  • AWHF - African World Heritage Fund, South Africa
  • Bavarian Government, represented by the University of Regensburg, Germany
  • Bocconi University, Italy
  • British Council - Cultural Protection Fund, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • CACH - Chinese Academy for Cultural Heritage, China
  • Carabinieri Command for the Protection of Cultural Property,Italy
  • CCI - Canadian Conservation Institute, Canada
  • Central Bank of Ecuador, Ecuador
  • CHA - Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea
  • CHIN - Canadian Heritage Information Network, Canada
  • CNR - National Research Council, Italy
  • CNR-ISAC - Natonal Research Council, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Italy
  • Corpo Nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco, Italy
  • Cracow University of Economics, Poland
  • CRAterre - International Centre for Earth Construction, France
  • CSIC - Spanish National Research Council, Spain
  • Domodry Srl, Italy
  • E.C.C.O. - European Confederation of Conservator-Restorers' Organization A.I.S.B.L.
  • EAMENA - Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • E-RIHS - European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science
  • Ethnographic Museum, Croatia
  • European Union
  • FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology, Spain
  • Federal State Budget Cultural Institution "Kizhi State Open Air Museum of History, Architecture and Ethnography", Russian Federation
  • Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Federculture, Italy
  • FICLU - Italian Federation of UNESCO Clubs and Centres, Italy
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics IBP, Germany
  • Georgian National Committee of the Blue Shield, Georgia
  • Getty Foundation, United States of America
  • GHF - Global Heritage Fund Government of Italy, Italy

  • Government of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • Government of the United Arab Emirates, United Arab Emirates
  • Hallgarten-Franchetti Foundation, Centro Studi Villa Montesca, Italy
  • IA-TSU - Tbilisi Institute of Archaelogy, Georgia
  • IBAM - CNR Institute of Archaeological Heritage, Monuments and Sites, Italy
  • Ibermuseos, Brazil
  • ICCM - International Committee for the Conservation of Mosaics
  • ICHHTO - Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts & Tourism Organization, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • ICOM-CC - International Conservation Committee of the International Council of Museums
  • ICOMOS - International Council on Monuments and Sites
  • ICOMOS-ICORP Turkey - International Committee on Risk Preparedness, Turkey
  • IGNCA - Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, India
  • IIC - International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works
  • Inter-American Development Bank, United States of America
  • IRCICA - Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture
  • ISCR - Superior Institute for Conservation and Restoration, Italy
  • ISESCO - Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Italian Chemical Society, Italy
  • Italian Geographic Society, Italy
  • IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature
  • KIK-IRPA - Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage, Belgium
  • KLD - Ministry of Climate and Environment, Norway
  • Lazio Region, Italy
  • MIBACT - Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Italy
  • MIBACT - Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Tourism, General Directorate of Archives, Italy
  • MNAC - Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Spain
  • National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Nigeria
  • National Commission for UNESCO of Montenegro, Montenegro
  • National Museum in Krakow, Poland
  • National Museum of Oman, Oman
  • National Museum of Slovenia, Slovenia
  • NCHA - National Cultural Heritage Administration, China
  • NICH - National Institute for Cultural Heritage, Japan
  • NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Norway
  • OECD - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • OFC - Federal Office of Culture, Switzerland
  • OWHC - Organization of World Heritage Cities
  • Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain
  • Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy
  • Prince Claus Fund for Culture and Development, Netherlands
  • Principality of Monaco, Monaco
  • PUL - Pontifical Lateran University, Italy

  • R-DMUCH Institute of Disaster Risk Mitigation for Urban Conservation Cultural Heritage - Ritsumeikan University, Japan
  • Regional Centre for the Planning and Restoration of Cultural Heritage, Sicily, Italy
  • Reinwardt Academy - Amsterdam University of the Arts (AHK), Netherlands
  • RICHT - Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Roma Tre University, Italy
  • Romualdo Del Bianco Foundation, Italy
  • Russian State Scientific and Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage named after D.S. Likhachev, Russian Federation
  • SAPES - Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Pompei, Ercolano e Stabia, Italy
  • Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Sapienza University of Rome - Research Centre for Sciences Applied to Protection of Environment and Cultural Heritage, Italy
  • SEAMEO-SPAFA Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centres for Archaeology and Fine Arts
  • SIH - Sharjah Institute for Heritage, United Arab Emirates
  • SMAP - Moroccan Society of Archaeology and Heritage, Morocco
  • Smithsonian Institution, United States of America
  • SUPSI - University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Switzerland
  • TOBUNKEN - Independent Administrative Institution, National Institutes for Cultural Heritage, Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties (TNRICP), Japan
  • Tokyo National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property, Japan
  • TUM - Technical University of Munich, Germany
  • UCL - University College London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • UIA - International Union of Architects
  • UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • UNESCO WHC - World Heritage Centre
  • UNIDROIT - International Institute for the Unification of Private Law
  • University of Abomey-Calavi, Ecole du Patrimoine Africain, Benin
  • University of Catania, Italy
  • University of Évora, Portugal
  • University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia
  • University of Padova, Italy
  • University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • University of Tuscia, Italy
  • University of Urbino "Carlo Bo", Italy
  • UoS - University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • URBiS Library Network
  • US Department of State, United States of America
  • Videona SocialMedia SL, Spain
  • WHITR-AP World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region, China
  • YOCOCU - Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Italy

Course List

Course Title Location Date Partners and Sponsors
1 First Aid to Cultural Heritage (FAC) Ireland Dublin, Ireland 14 – 16 February Irish National Committee of the Blue Shield (INCBS); Heritage Council of Ireland; Dublin Port Authority; National Museum of Ireland
2 20th International Course on Stone Conservation – SC17 Mexico City and Campeche, Mexico 19 March – 18 May Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH); Coordinación Nacional de Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural (CNCPC); Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
3 18th International Course on Wood Conservation Technology (ICWCT 2018) Oslo, Norway 9 April – 11 May online
4 – 29 June on site
Riksantikvaren – Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
4 Workshop on Risk Management and First Aid Course El Obeid and Khartoum, Sudan 13 – 15 April Prince Claus Fund
5 Paper Conservation in Latin America: Meeting East Mexico City, Mexico 28 May – 13 June Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH); Coordinación Nacional de Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural (CNCPC); National Research Institute for Cultural Properties of Japan
6 RE-ORG Nigeria Evaluation Seminar Jos, Nigeria 4 – 10 June Nigerian National Commission for Museums and Monuments; Ahmadu Bello University and participating museums; US Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation
7 Chantier École MOSAIKON Tipasa, Algeria 19 June – 18 July Directorate-General of Antiquities, Algeria; Getty Foundation
8 First Aid to Cultural Heritage (FAC) Brabant Brabant, Netherlands 6 – 24 August Netherlands Commission for UNESCO; Prince Claus Fund; Smithsonian Institution  
9 African Regional Course on People-Nature-Culture (PNC) Mosi Oa Tunya/Victoria Falls, Zambia 14 – 24 August African World Heritage Fund; National Heritage Conservation Commission of Zambia;   Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment; ICOMOS; IUCN; UNESCO World Heritage Centre
10 FAC Leadership Workshop Brabant, Netherlands 25 – 31 August Netherlands Commission for UNESCO; Prince Claus Fund; Smithsonian Institution  
11 RE-ORG Chile Santiago, Chile 27 August – 7 September National Service for Cultural Heritage, Chile; National Centre of Conservation and Restoration (CNCR); National Sub-Directorate of Museums (SNM)
12 Japanese Paper Course (JPC)   Tokyo, Japan 27 August – 14 September Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties
13 Disaster Risk Management of Cultural Heritage Kyoto and Kobe, Japan 29 August – 20 September Ritsumeikan University; Japanese National Institutes for Cultural Heritage; ICOMOS; UNESCO  
14 Advisory Bodies Networking Activity Rome and Tivoli, Italy 4 – 6 September Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment; IUCN; ICOMOS; Villa Adriana and Villa d’Este Management Office
15 Investigation, Preservation and Management of Archaeological Sites and Remains Nara, Japan 4 September – 4 October Agency for Cultural Affairs, Japan; ACCU Nara; National Research Institute for Cultural Properties in Tokyo and Nara; Japan Consortium for International Cooperation in Cultural Heritage; Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Nara Prefectural Government; Nara City Government
16 Practical Training Workshops at the Khalifa House Museum, Omdurman Omdurman and Khartoum, Sudan 17 September  –  17 October British Council; Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport; Centre for Heritage Studies, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge; Mallinson Architects; National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums in Sudan (NCAM)
17 Capacity Building Workshop on Nature-Culture Linkages (CBWNCL) in Heritage Conservation in Asia and the Pacific: Disasters and Resilience Tsukuba, Japan 21 September – 1 October UNESCO Chair on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation, University of Tsukuba; ICOMOS; IUCN; UNESCO World Heritage Centre
18 World Heritage Procedures for Nordic-Baltic Experts Bergen, Norway 24 – 28 September ICOMOS; IUCN; UNESCO World Heritage Centre; Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment and other partners
19 Kerala Heritage Rescue Initiative   Ernakulam, India 8 – 11 October Government of Kerala; ICOMOS India
20 Course on Management and Monitoring of World Heritage Sites Macao, China 8 – 19 October 2018 National Cultural Heritage Administration (NCHA); Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture of the Government of Macao SAR; ICOMOS China; Institute for Tourism Studies of Macao
21 RE-ORG Lisboa International Workshop Lisbon, Portugal 15 – 26 October Empresa de Gestão de Equipamentos e Animação Cultural, E.M. (EGEAC); Museum of Lisbon; Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa
22 Course on Impact Assessments for Heritage Shanghai and Jiangsu Zhenze, China   15 – 26 October World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region under the auspices of UNESCO, Shanghai Centre (WHITR-AP Shanghai); ICOMOS; IUCN; UNESCO World Heritage Centre; Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment and other partners
23 First Aid to Cultural Heritage (FAC) Mali Bamako, Mali 12 – 30 November Ministry of Culture, Mali; National Museum of Mali; National Library; Malian Red Cross; National Army of Mali; Civil Protection, International School for Maintaining Peace; International Committee of the Red Cross; UN Peacekeeping Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)
24 CollAsia International Course on Conserving Photographic and Archival Collections Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam 22 November – 13 December Ho Chi Minh City University of Vietnam; Southern Institute of Social Sciences; Ho Chi Minh City Institute for Development Studies; Ho Chi Minh City University of Culture; Korean Cultural Heritage Administration (CHA)
25 RE-ORG Kuwait Kuwait City, Kuwait 25 November – 7 December   Kuwait National Museum
26 RE-ORG Albania Tirana, Albania 5 – 13 November National History Museum of Albania; Ministry of Culture of Albania;  International Council of Museums Southeast Europe Alliance (ICOM SEE)
27 Workshops on Enhancing the Social and Cultural Role of Community Museums in Western Sudan Omdurman, El Obeid and Nyala, Sudan 17  –  26 November British Council; Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport; National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums in Sudan (NCAM); Centre for Heritage Studies, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge; Mallinson Architects
28 Course on Heritage Impact Assessments Kotor, Montenegro 3 – 6 December National Commission of Montenegro for UNESCO; UNESCO World Heritage International Assistance Fund; UNESCO Regional Bureau for Science and Culture in Europe