International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property


N.B.: General country data and external links have been provided by the Member State. * Uploaded: 06/2020

General Country data

The main cultural assets of Oman

Over the decades following the accession of the late Sultan Qaboos bin Said to the throne, when he became the Sultan of Oman in 1970, Oman developed into a modern nation without altering the innermost fabrics of a culture rooted in a millenary past, which was however largely undisclosed until recent times. Therefore, it can be said that the first and most important Oman's contribution to the World is Oman itself, with its unique history and traditions and a rich cultural heritage that can be now traced back to the dawn of humankind, as well as its rich and diversified natural heritage.

The legal framework on cultural heritage conservation

The preservation and respect for its own and other cultures is a real concern for Oman. The regulation of cultural heritage management has been a major point in the Government’s agenda. A series of separate Acts on this subject culminated in the issuing of Royal Decree 6/80 for the Protection of National Heritage in 1980.

With the implementation of a new Heritage Law which was issued by a Royal Decree (35/2019), Oman is now even more equipped to legally regulate the management of its cultural and natural heritage. The new law is a modern and extremely detailed statute for the protection of cultural heritage both in Oman and outside the Sultanate's borders according to the international agreements in force.

The cultural and natural sites on the World Heritage List

The five Omani properties inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List (Bahia Fort, the Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Ayn & AI-Khutm, Land of Frankincense, Aflaj Irrigation System, and Ancient City of Qalhat), together with the heritage and natural sites proposed in the Tentative List, provide a testimony not only of the rich history and great biodiversity of the Sultanate, but also of the established capacity of mobilizing resources and knowledge for the accomplishment of significant targets including the preservation, protection and management of important sites, with a perfect integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.

Adhesion to ICCROM

Oman is a Member State of ICCROM since 13/12/2003


Mandates in ICCROM Council since 1958:

No mandates in ICCROM Council

ICCROM Staff since 1959: - None -

Involvement of Omani Nationals

Activities in/with Oman since 2002

Activities details

Activities details

  • 2003 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2004 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2009 - 3 Mission(s)
  • 2010 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2012 - 2 Mission(s)
  • 2015 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2017 - 2 Mission(s)
  • 2018 - 4 Mission(s), 1 Partnership(s)
  • 2019 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2020 - 1 Mission(s)
  • 2021 - 1 Partnership(s)
  • 2022 - 3 Mission(s)
  • 2023 - 3 Mission(s), 2 Partnership(s)

External links

Governmental Cultural Institutions

Governmental Museums

Other Governmental Museums

Private Museums and Heritage Houses

* ICCROM reserves the right to moderate the content provided by Member States for country profiles to ensure that they remain within the scope of ICCROM’s mission and pertinent to cultural heritage. However, ICCROM does not take responsibility for the accuracy and validity of the content supplied. The ideas and opinions expressed are those of the Member States.